Privacy policy

Who is behind the website is the website of the research project Smart Cities in the Global South: Contributing to Cosmopolitan Urban Studies. The project is run by Claudia Fonseca Alfaro (principal investigator), postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Urban Research, Malmö University, Sweden.

The project’s website address is:

What personal data is collected and why it is collected


When visitors leave comments on the site, the data shown in the comments form is collected (alongside the visitor’s IP address and browser user agent string to help spam detection).

An anonymized string created from your email address (also called a hash) may be provided to the Gravatar service to see if you are using it. The Gravatar service privacy policy is available here: After approval of your comment, your profile picture is visible to the public in the context of your comment.

Avoid including sensitive personal details about yourself or anyone else in your message when using the comments section. Sensitive personal details include: ethnic origin, political opinions, medical history, religious beliefs, and genetic or biometric data.


If you upload images to the website, you should avoid uploading images with embedded location data (EXIF GPS) included. Visitors to the website can download and extract any location data from images on the website.

Contact forms

The website does not use contact forms. You can contact the principal investigator by email:


The website does not have a newsletter.


If you leave a comment on our site you may opt-in to saving your name, email address and website in cookies. These are for your convenience so that you do not have to fill in your details again when you leave another comment. These cookies will last for one year.

If you have an account and you log in to this site, we will set a temporary cookie to determine if your browser accepts cookies. This cookie contains no personal data and is discarded when you close your browser.

When you log in, we will also set up several cookies to save your login information and your screen display choices. Login cookies last for two days, and screen options cookies last for a year. If you select “Remember Me”, your login will persist for two weeks. If you log out of your account, the login cookies will be removed.

If you edit or publish an article, an additional cookie will be saved in your browser. This cookie includes no personal data and simply indicates the post ID of the article you just edited. It expires after 1 day.

Embedded content from other websites

Articles on this site may include embedded content (e.g., videos, images, articles, etc.). Embedded content from other websites behaves in the exact same way as if the visitor has visited the other website.

These websites may collect data about you, use cookies, embed additional third-party tracking, and monitor your interaction with that embedded content, including tracking your interaction with the embedded content if you have an account and are logged in to that website.


The website relies on visitor statistics for me to better understand visitors’ interests and improve the content of the site. No personal details about you are being stored in our databases, including your IP address. None of the information is being sent to a third party.

Who your data is shared with

Your data is not shared with any third parties.

How long your data is retained

If you leave a comment, the comment and its metadata are retained indefinitely. This is so the website can recognize and approve any follow-up comments automatically instead of holding them in a moderation queue.

The personal information provided by users that register on the website (if any) is stored. All users can see, edit, or delete their personal information at any time (the only exception is that they cannot change their username). Website administrators can also see and edit that information.

What rights you have over your data

If you have an account on this site, or have left comments, you can request to receive an exported file of the personal data that is stored about you, including any data you have provided. You can also request that any personal data that is stored about you is erased. This does not include any data I am obliged to keep for administrative, legal, or security purposes.

Where your data is sent

Visitor comments may be checked through an automated spam detection service.

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